Those who are looking for high-quality Cancer Treatment in Iran with a rather low price, can choose to be treated in Iran and can be assisted with high quality medical care. As we know any delays and interruptions in these types of medical procedures can lead to the reduction of the effectiveness of treatment.
Cancer Treatment in Iran
Depending on the type of cancer, the treatment of various cancers might be trying to eradicate or kill cancer cells started.
Cancer Research Center, Shiraz Institute for Cancer Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences are among some of the most prominent and successful cancer research facilities. These institutes devote themselves to find new ways for the earlier diagnosis to increase survival rates, effective treatments with fewer side-effects.
Cancer Treatment in Iran are equipped with radiation (linear accelerator and CT simulator), chemotherapy (outpatient and inpatient beds), palliative care services, and surgical (operation room and intensive care unit) facilities. In virtue of state-of-the-art technologies such as polymer-based Nano carriers for the targeted release of the anti-cancer drug curcumin, these centers can provide the most needed care and assistance to patients, one patient at a time on the road ahead to a cancer free world.
Below are the most commonly diagnosed types of cancer:
Bone Marrow Transplant
Bone marrow transplant is a way of giving very high dose chemotherapy, sometimes with whole body radiotherapy. Once they enter your bloodstream, the stem cells travel to the bone marrow, where they take the place of the cells that were destroyed by treatment.
Adrenal Glands Cancer
There are two adrenal glands in your body which are located at top of your kidneys. They have many functions such as producing essential hormones on your body. Adrenal cancer occurs when tumors form in the adrenal glands. The most commons symptoms of this condition includes: High blood pressure, Nervousness, Weakness, abnormal weight gain or weight loss. Symptoms depend on the type of cancer you have. There are different treatment methods depending on the cancer type including chemotherapy radiation therapy or surgery.
Bile duct cancer
Bile ducts are thin tubes which connect the liver to the small intestine. Fluid called bile flows from the liver to the small intestine to help digesting food. Based on in its location in the bile ducts, there are different bile duct cancer types. Bile duct cancer is usually diagnosed after it has already spread, which makes it difficult to totally cure. The main procedures to treat this condition are: chemotherapy radiotherapy, inserting a tube into the bile duct to unblock it and surgery.
Biological Hormone Therapy
In Hormone therapy, medicines are used to lower the amount of hormones to slow the growth rate of cancer or to stop it. In biological hormone therapy, the medicine has the same chemical structure as the hormones which are naturally produced in the body. This procedure is effective especially for treating hormone sensitive cancers such as breast cancer, prostate cancer and kidney cancer.
The bladder can be affected by cancer cells that develop within its tissues. The most common type is transitional cell carcinoma, but others, such as adenocarcinomas and squamous cell carcinomas, may also occur, depending on which bladder cells are involved.The bladder can be affected by cancer cells that develop within its tissues. The most common type is transitional cell carcinoma, but others, such as adenocarcinomas and squamous cell carcinomas, may also occur, depending on which bladder cells are involved.
Bone cancer is a malignant tumor that presses on healthy bone tissue and destroys it. This condition can affect any bones in the body, but it is more common in long bones of upper arms or the legs. Depending on the bone cancer type, its location, severity and other factors, there are different treatments for this condition. The main procedures for treating bone cancer are surgery, chemotherapy and raiotherpay.
Brachytherapy – Internal Radiation Therapy
Brachytherapy or internal radiation therapy is a specific type of radiotherapy used for treating cancer. In this method, a radioactive implant is placed inside the body near the tumor. This treatment allows using a higher dose of radiation in a smaller area relative to external radiation treatment. There are two different types of temporary and permanent implants. Internal radiation therapy is used to treat various cancers, such as prostate cancer, breast cancer, head and neck cancer, etc.
Brain cancer occurs when the cells of the brain grow abnormally. Primary malignant tumors of the brain have to be treated immediately, before they spread and affect other parts. Surgery is often necessary to remove the tumor as much as possible. Chemotherapy or radiotherapy may be used after surgery to destroy any remaining cancerous cells and reduce the possibility of brain cancer regrowth.
This is by far the most common cancer in women. While the vast majority of breast cancer patients are women, about 1900 cases are diagnosed in men each year.
Cervical cancer occurs when the cells on the cervix grow abnormally. The cervix is the narrow opening from the uterus to the vagina. This condition can often be cured when it’s found in early stages. The main procedures to treat cervical cancer include surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy. The appropriate choice of treatment depends on factors such as the tumor size, whether it has spread to other parts and whether the patient wants to become pregnant in the future.
Chemotherapy or chemo, treats cancer by using medicine to slow down the cancer growth rate and to destroy cancel cells. Surgery and radiotherapy destroy cancer cells in a specific part, but chemo is be used to treat cancer throughout the whole body, which means it can destroy cancer cells that have spread to other parts. The main goals of chemotherapy in treating cancer are to cure, control and ease cancer symptoms, however, to completely cure cancer by chemo may not be always possible.
There are different types of cancer that may arise in various parts of the chest. Tumors may appear in different chest regions such as the chest wall, esophagus and the thymus. Another common type of chest cancer is lung cancer. Chest cancer can occur in both muscle and bone. Breast cancer or any other type of cancer that has spread to adjacent tissues may be the cause of chest wall tumors.
Colorectal cancer will be about 146,970 new cases of colon and rectal cancers. The colon is part of the large intestine, which helps to break down and digest food, and the rectum is the end of the large intestine that is nearest the anus.
Conformal Radiation Therapy
Conformal radiation therapy is a certain type of external radiation therapy. In this procedure, accurate three dimensional maps of the cancer location are created using CT images. In this treatment, higher doses of radiation is used to destroy the tumor, while the surrounding healthy structures receive less radiation in comparison to conventional radiotherapy, so it reduces the side effects of the treatment.
Cranio Facial Surgery
Cancer may occur in facial and jaw tissues and result in tumors in these regions. Craniofacial surgery uses several surgical procedures to treat head, face, skull and neck conditions. This surgery can reconstruct bones and tissues which are damaged due to facial and jaw tumors.
Cyberknife for Cancer
Cyberknife can be used for cancer treatment to destroy tumors throughout the body. This option allows using higher doses of radiation in a smaller area with more accuracy in comparison to standard radiotherapy, so healthy tissues near the tumor get less damaged. This technology is able to detect the accurate shape and location of the tumor. Some of the Cyberknife technology advantages include: no incision, no pain and no recovery time.
Esophagus cancer occurs when malignant cells form in the esophagus and it can occur in different parts of it. Esophagus is a hollow tube that connects the throat to the stomach to move food and drink from the mouth to the stomach. This type of cancer is more common in men than in women. Smoking and excessive alcohol use are factors that increase the risk of developing esophagus cancer.
High Intensity Focused Ultrasound HIFU
High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) treatment uses high ultrasound waves to destroy cancel cells. These waves don’t pass through air or bone structures, so they can’t be used for treating every type of cancer. This treatment is more effective in treating a single tumor, so it is not an appropriate option for treating widespread tumors. HIFU is especially used for prostate cancer treatment. This treatment is minimally invasive and has minimal side effects.
Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy
Intensity modulated radiation therapy is an advanced radiation delivery system which plans the precise radiation dose depending on the tumor size and location. IMRT uses accurate radiation intensity in order to use higher radiation doses in a smaller area to spare surrounding healthy tissues and reduce the side effects of radiation therapy. This treatment is more commonly used to treat prostate, head and neck cancers.
Kidney cancer is diagnosed in more than 49,000 people each year. The kidneys are the organs that help to excrete waste from the body in the form of urine. Cancer can form inside the tissues or ducts of the kidneys. Although kidney cancer develops mainly in people over 40, one type of kidney tumor usually affects young children.
Laryngeal cancer occurs when malignant cells form in the larynx. Larynx is a part of the throat located at the entrance of the windpipe. This type of cancer if detected in early stages, is usually treated successfully, without affecting the larynx function. Laryngeal cancer is more common in men and people over the age of 60. The main procedures to treat this condition include surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy. In the surgical procedure, the larynx may have to be removed.
Leukemia occurs when the blood cells grow abnormally. This condition which is also known as blood cancer, mostly occurs in white blood cells, but it can also start from other blood cells. This type of cancer is more common in people over the age of 55, however it is the most common cancer in children younger than 15. There are different procedures to treat this cancer. The most appropriate choice of treatment depends on various factors such as the cancer type.
Liver cancer occurs when malignant cells grow in or on the liver. The liver is the largest organ of the body that functions to digest food, remove toxins from the blood, etc. This cancer has several types, but the most common type is hepatocellular carcinoma which starts from the main liver cell. The main procedures to treat liver cancer include surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and liver transplantation.
Attack lung cancer cells within the lining of the lungs. There are two main types of lung cancer – non-small cell and small cell lung cancer.
The four main types of leukemia are acute myeloid leukemia, acute lymphocytic leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and chronic myeloid leukemia. These types of cancer often form inside the bone marrow or other cells and tissues that form blood cells, and are known as blood cancers. It affects both adults and children, and kills more children under age 20 than any other cancer.
(Mandible Cancer, Maxillary Cancer) Jaw cancer occurs when malignant cells grow in the jaw bones. The upper jaw is called the maxilla and the lower jaw is known as mandible. Tumors can appear either on the maxilla or the mandible. Surgical treatment is generally used to remove the tumors. In some cases a part of bone around the tumor has to be removed as well, so surgical reconstruction is needed after the tumor surgery. Radiotherapy and chemotherapy may also follow the surgery to destroy the remaining cancer cells.
Oesophagus Cancer occurs when malignant cells grow in the oesophagus. The oesophagus also called the gullet, is a part of the gut that leads food to the stomach. This condition usually don’t show any symptoms at early stages, making it difficult to detect until it is more advanced. The main treatments for this type of cancer include surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
Oral cancer occurs when malignant cells grow in oral tissues. This type of cancer can appear on the lips, tongue, in the gums, roof and floor of the mouth, on the cheeks and the throat. Oral cancer is a sort of head and neck cancer and it is usually treated as other head and neck cancers. Smoking and heavy alcohol use are among the factors that increase the risk of oral cancer. The suitable treatment for this condition depends on various factors such as the stage and location of the cancer. The main treatments include surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and targeted drug therapy.
Ovarian cancer occurs when malignant cells grow in the ovary. Women have to ovaries, on either side of the uterus. This cancer has several types, but the most common type start from the tissue covering the ovaries. This condition may have no symptoms at early stages, which makes it difficult to detect before it has reached an advanced stage. Surgery and chemotherapy are main treatments for ovarian cancer.
Pancreatic cancer occurs when malignant cells grow in the pancreas. Pancreas is located behind the stomach. This organ produces enzymes to digest food and hormones that control blood sugar levels. Some types of this condition may have no symptoms, making it difficult to detect in early stages. This cancer usually spreads rapidly to surrounding tissues. The main procedures to treat liver cancer include surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and targeted therapy. In targeted therapy, specific substances are used that attack cancer cells without killing healthy cells.
Positron emission tomography or PET is an imaging procedure which uses radioactive materials to evaluate function and chemical activity of different organs in the body. This imaging test helps to detect various conditions such as different type of cancer at early stages and provides information that other scan types including CT and MRI may not. PET scan is useful in detecting cancer and its recurrence, checking whether it has spread to other parts, studying whether the treatment is working.
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer affecting men, mostly men over 50. The prostate gland is part of the male reproductive system and at the base of the bladder, found near the anus. This type of cancer develops in the prostate gland tissue.
Proton therapy is a specific type of radiotherapy for treating cancer using proton beams. This treatment allows using a higher dose of radiation to the tumor, killing cancer cells more effectively and casing less damage to surrounding healthy tissues. This procedure is useful in treating tumors which are near important organs, such as the eye and brain. Some of the conditions which can be treated by proton therapy include cancers of the lung, liver, eye and prostate.
Radiotherapy is a procedure for treating cancer using high-energy radiation to destroy cancer cells. There are two general types of external and internal radiotherapy. In external radiotherapy the tumor is radiated by a large machine while in internal radiotherapy, radioactive materials are put inside the body. Radiotherapy may have side effects because healthy cells may also get damaged, however these cells usually can repair themselves after this treatment. Radiotherapy can be combined with chemotherapy, which is called chemoradiation.
Rectal cancer occurs when malignant cells grow in the rectum tissues. The rectum is the last part of the colon, a part of the digestive system. The main treatment for this condition is rectal resection which is a surgical procedure to remove the rectum. Usually this operation is followed by radiotherapy or chemotherapy. The type of the rectal resection surgery depends on the cancer stage.
Salivary Glands Cancer
Salivary glands cancer occur when malignant cells grow in the salivary glands. Salivary glands produce enzymes which help digesting food and antibodies that protect the mouth and the throat against infections. This condition is rare and more common in people over the age of 50. Usually this type of cancer is treated by surgery, however radiotherapy and chemotherapy may also be used to treat salivary glands cancer.
Affecting more than 1 million people a year, skin cancer can form in the skin cells on any part of the body, though most commonly on skin that’s been exposed to the sun. There are several types of skin cancers, including squamous cell skin cancer, found in the flat cells on the top of the skin, and basal cell skin cancer, found in the round cells deeper inside skin’s outer layer. Most commonly, skin cancer affects older people or people who have a compromised immune system.
Stereotactic Radiotherapy is specific type of external radiotherapy which used radiation the destroy cancer cells from different directions. In this procedure, the tumor is targeted more precisely so the surrounding healthy tissues are less damaged and the side effects of radiotherapy are limited. Stereotactic Radiotherapy is usually used for treating very small tumors, such as small tumors deep within the brain.
Stomach cancer which is also called gastric cancer, occurs when malignant cells grow in the stomach lining. The stomach is a part of the digestive system located in the upper abdomen. This condition may have no symptoms at early stages, making it difficult to be detected until it’s more advanced. The main treatments for stomach cancer include surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
Testicular cancer occurs when malignant cells grow in one or both of the testicles. The testicles are inside the scrotum, located underneath the penis. The testicles release sperm and sex hormones. This condition is more common in teenagers and men between 15 and 35. Fortunately, this type of cancer has a high treatment success rate. The main treatment procedures include surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
Thyroid cancer occurs when malignant cells grow in the thyroid, which is a gland located at the front of the neck. The thyroid produces hormones to regulate the body metabolism. There are various procedures to treat this condition, including surgery, radioactive iodine treatment, external radiotherapy, chemotherapy and targeted therapy. In the radioactive iodine treatment, radioactive substances are swallowed by the patient that travel through the blood and destroy cancer cells.
Tracheal cancer occurs when malignant cells grow in the windpipe (trachea). The structure of the trachea is like a tube which connects the mouth and nose to the lungs. This type of cancer is very rare. This condition is mainly treated by surgery and radiotherapy. The cancer may get completely removed by surgery. This procedure is often followed by radiotherapy to reduce the chances of tracheal cancer recurring. In some cases, chemotherapy is also used as treatment.
Uterine cancer occurs when malignant cells grow in the uterus. The uterus is a hollow organ in females which supports fetal development, which is commonly called the womb. The most common type of uterine cancer occurs in the lining of the uterus. The main treatments for this condition include surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and hormone-therapy. The appropriate choice of treatment depends on various factors such as the age of the patient and the cancer stage.
Vaginal cancer occurs when malignant cells grow in the vagina. The vagina is a canal in women that leads the opening of the uterus to the outside of the body, it is where a baby passes out of the body at birth. This condition is mostly treated by radiotherapy, however depending on which part is affected and the stage of the cancer, chemotherapy and surgery may be used to treat vaginal cancer,